Black pepper is the fruit of the black pepper plant from the Piperaceae family and is used as both a spice and a medicine. The chemical piperine, which is present in black pepper, causes the spiciness. It is native to Kerala, the southern state of India. Since ancient times, black pepper is one of the most widely traded spices in the world. is ubiquitous in the modern world, often paired with salt. It is not considered a seasonal plant and is therefore available throughout the year. Once the pepper corns are dried, pepper spirit and oil can be extracted by crushing the berries. Pepper spirit is used in many medical, herbal and beauty products
Pepper is harvested in different parts of Sri Lanka during different times. It is bred mainly in Uva, Sabagamuwa, Southern and central provinces. The total quantity is estimated around 15000mt during a good season. The black pepper is graded as light berries which are often called LB and regular heavy berries which we call black pepper.